Types of Fruit from A to Z


  From a young age, you’re taught that eating fruit is good for your body. You know to eat bananas for potassium, apples for fiber and oranges for vitamin C. However, outside of the common types of fruit we see at the grocery store, most people are unfamiliar with the majority that are available. Fruits are packed full of vitamins, minerals and fiber. The more types of fruit you eat, the more balanced your nutrient consumption will be. Incorporating fruits and veggies into your diet can be a difficult task especially when you don’t know what different fruits are available and how they benefit you. This is an overview of various types of fruit so you can shop with confidence. If picking out fresh fruit is daunting to you, make sure to check out our guide on picking out the perfect fruit. What are the different types of fruit? Did you know that an avocado is a fruit? We often associate sweet produce with fruit and everything else with vegetables. Fruits have less to do with flavor and more to do with plant classification. There are three main fruit categories: simple, aggregate and multiple. Most of the fruits you know and love are classified as simple fruit and fall under one of the four types of fruit in that category. Impress your friends and family with this quick guide to fruit classification: Simple Most of the fleshy fruits that you enjoy regularly fall into this category. Within the simple fruit category there are four types of fruit: Drupes: These fruits are sometimes called stone fruit because inside the fleshy fruit there is a very hard seed (ex: cherry, plum, peach). Berries: This word is a bit of a misnomer and can be confusing when classifying berries. Fruits like strawberries and blackberries aren’t berries at all. This classification is for fruits that have seeds in the center of the fruit and are usually juicy on the inside (ex: grape, blueberry, gooseberry). Pomes: This category is made of of fruits that primarily bloom from trees (ex: apples, pears). Hesperidium and Pepos: These two categories are often placed in the berries classification or combined because of their similarities (ex: citrus fruits [hesperidium], watermelon [pepos]). Aggregate These types of fruit are made up of many drupes or berries that come from the same flower. Next time you bite into a raspberry or blackberry, notice how each bulb has a seed inside, like a tiny cherry or plum. Fun fact: raspberries and blackberries are often called druplets because of their tiny size! Multiple The last category is made up of figs, pineapples and many others. Multiple fruits bloom from a cluster of fruiting flowers. Each flower merges together and matures into a single mass. Fun fact: the mature fruit is called an infructescence! Whether you’re a fruit fiend or not a fan, you’re probably familiar with many common fruits. We have included both common and uncommon fruits, so browse through this list to learn about flavor, nutrition and uses. Use the menu below for fast fruit finding! Jump to: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z Apple Apples come in hundreds of color and flavor varieties. This versatile fruit can be enjoyed as a snack, mashed into sauce or even cooked into desserts. Even though the old adage “an apple a day keeps the doctor away” is not a scientific fact, these fleshy fruits have plenty of health benefits. Excellent source of soluble fiber. High in vitamin C. Great low-calorie snack.   Apricot These small fleshy fruits are closely related to peaches and plums. The skin of an apricot is typically yellow and orange with a splash of red, while the fruit on the inside ranges from yellow to orange. Apricots can be enjoyed fresh or in their dried form. Notable source of dietary fiber. Outstanding source of vitamin A and vitamin C. Provides calcium for healthy bones.   Avocado Avocados have swept the nation in recent years. These nutrient dense fruits can be consumed by themselves, smashed into guacamole or even used in chocolate desserts. It’s easy to see why people love them — avocados are packed with nutrients! Contains high amounts of healthy fats. Good source of fiber. Rich in protein and potassium.   Banana The banana is one of the most popular fruits in the world despite the limited climates that it can grow in. These sweet tropical fruits are often used in desserts, blended into smoothies and enjoyed alone. Excellent source of potassium. Provides necessary minerals like manganese. Rich in vitamin B6 and vitamin C.   Blackberry These small dark druplets are enjoyed alone, in desserts or in compotes placed atop steaks or other red meats. Blackberries grow all over the world in the wild so next time you are on a hike, look out for these tasty snacks! Packed with vitamin C, vitamin K and vitamin E. Great source of magnesium and manganese. Very good source of dietary fiber.   Blueberry Blueberries are small dark blue or purple berries that have low sugar content despite tasting so sweet. These tasty little fruits are often baked into desserts, added to breakfasts or enjoyed alone. Often labeled a superfood, blueberries are a great addition to your diet because of their numerous health benefits. Rich in vitamin K and vitamin C. Outstanding source of manganese. High in antioxidants, particularly flavonoids.   Boysenberry Boysenberries are hybrid fruits that are a cross between a blackberry and a raspberry. These druplets have the juiciness of a blackberry and the sweetness of a raspberry. It’s the best of both worlds! Though they are delicious to eat raw, they are also terrific in desserts, jams and tarts. High in dietary fiber. Rich in […]

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